This page provides more detailed information about how to use the Reflection Guide to support English learners in focusing on language and meaning as they read. You can also read a general description of how to use the Reflection Guide tool for Interpretation, Critique, and Counterargument.

The Reflection Guide is a tool for helping English Learners understand the writing task and its expectations. It can support a process of reviewing the writing assignment and thinking about what it requires, referring to reminders as they begin to write, reflection and conversation with a partner about what they have written, and revision based on that discussion.

With English Learners, you can use the Reflection Guide early in the investigation to draw attention to what they will be expected to do in the argument writing task and help them think about how they will accomplish it. As they write, the Reflection Guide can remind them about what is expected and help them consider whether they have responded fully to the expectations.

Guide your English Learners in engaging in discussion of the first draft of the argument they write with another student. Model for them how to ask each other the questions on the Reflection Guide as they read what they have written aloud, and how to talk about the argument they have developed and how they might improve it. Ask them to review the Goals in the first column of the Reflection Guide, and the column of “Things you might be good at or need to work on.” Each student can read what they have written for each argument component (Claim, etc.) and then discuss what they did well or need to keep working on and note it on the Reflection Guide. While this may take a substantial amount of time, doing this will help your students be clear about what they need to do, articulate what they have done, and get feedback from a peer.

Following this review with the Reflection Guide, students can write their final drafts of their arguments.

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